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This tag holds information on how the font was generated.
|face||This is the name of the true type font.|
|size||The size of the true type font.|
|bold||The font is bold.|
|italic||The font is italic.|
|charset||The name of the OEM charset used (when not unicode).|
|unicode||Set to 1 if it is the unicode charset.|
|stretchH||The font height stretch in percentage. 100% means no stretch.|
|smooth||Set to 1 if smoothing was turned on.|
|aa||The supersampling level used. 1 means no supersampling was used.|
|padding||The padding for each character (up, right, down, left).|
|spacing||The spacing for each character (horizontal, vertical).|
|outline||The outline thickness for the characters.|
This tag holds information common to all characters.
|lineHeight||This is the distance in pixels between each line of text.|
|base||The number of pixels from the absolute top of the line to the base of the characters.|
|scaleW||The width of the texture, normally used to scale the x pos of the character image.|
|scaleH||The height of the texture, normally used to scale the y pos of the character image.|
|pages||The number of texture pages included in the font.|
|packed||Set to 1 if the monochrome characters have been packed into each of the texture channels. In this case alphaChnl describes what is stored in each channel.|
|alphaChnl||Set to 0 if the channel holds the glyph data, 1 if it holds the outline, 2 if it holds the glyph and the outline, 3 if its set to zero, and 4 if its set to one.|
|redChnl||Set to 0 if the channel holds the glyph data, 1 if it holds the outline, 2 if it holds the glyph and the outline, 3 if its set to zero, and 4 if its set to one.|
|greenChnl||Set to 0 if the channel holds the glyph data, 1 if it holds the outline, 2 if it holds the glyph and the outline, 3 if its set to zero, and 4 if its set to one.|
This tag gives the name of a texture file. There is one for each page in the font.
|id||The page id.|
|file||The texture file name.|
This tag describes on character in the font. There is one for each included character in the font.
|id||The character id.|
|x||The left position of the character image in the texture.|
|y||The top position of the character image in the texture.|
|width||The width of the character image in the texture.|
|height||The height of the character image in the texture.|
|xoffset||How much the current position should be offset when copying the image from the texture to the screen.|
|yoffset||How much the current position should be offset when copying the image from the texture to the screen.|
|xadvance||How much the current position should be advanced after drawing the character.|
|page||The texture page where the character image is found.|
|chnl||The texture channel where the character image is found (1 = blue, 2 = green, 4 = red, 8 = alpha, 15 = all channels).|
The kerning information is used to adjust the distance between certain characters, e.g. some characters should be placed closer to each other than others.
|first||The first character id.|
|second||The second character id.|
|amount||How much the x position should be adjusted when drawing the second character immediately following the first.|
This section describes the layout of the tags in the binary file format. To understand what each tag means refer to the file tags section.
The first three bytes are the file identifier and must always be 66, 77, 70, or "BMF". The fourth byte gives the format version, currently it must be 3.
Following the first four bytes is a series of blocks with information. Each block starts with a one byte block type identifier, followed by a 4 byte integer that gives the size of the block, not including the block type identifier and the size value.
|bitField||1||bits||2||bit 0: smooth, bit 1: unicode, bit 2: italic, bit 3: bold, bit 4: fixedHeigth, bits 5-7: reserved|
|outline||1||uint||13||added with version 2|
|fontName||n+1||string||14||null terminated string with length n|
This structure gives the layout of the fields. Remember that there should be no padding between members. Allocate the size of the block using the blockSize, as following the block comes the font name, including the terminating null char. Most of the time this block can simply be ignored.
|bitField||1||bits||10||bits 0-6: reserved, bit 7: packed|
|pageNames||p*(n+1)||strings||0||p null terminated strings, each with length n|
This block gives the name of each texture file with the image data for the characters. The string pageNames holds the names separated and terminated by null chars. Each filename has the same length, so once you know the size of the first name, you can easily determine the position of each of the names. The id of each page is the zero-based index of the string name.
|id||4||uint||0+c*20||These fields are repeated until all characters have been described|
The number of characters in the file can be computed by taking the size of the block and dividing with the size of the charInfo structure, i.e.: numChars = charsBlock.blockSize/20.
|first||4||uint||0+c*10||These fields are repeated until all kerning pairs have been described|
This block is only in the file if there are any kerning pairs with amount differing from 0.